新英体育

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工程测量中几种常用坐标系和坐标转换方法

来源:洛阳测绘公司  发表时间:2017/12/5 8:56:41  点击次数:【1704】


  YIBANLAIJIANG,GPSZHIJIETIGONGDEZUOBIAO(B,L,H)SHI1984NIANSHIJIEDADIZUOBIAOXI(Word Geodetic System 1984JIWGS-84)DEZUOBIAO,QIZHONGBWEIWEIDU,LWEIJINGDU,HWEIDADIGAOJISHIDAOWGS-84TUOQIUMIANDEGAODU。ERZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,WOGUODITUCAIYONGDESHI1954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXIHUOZHE1980XIANZUOBIAOXIXIADEGAOSITOUYINGZUOBIAO(x,y,),BUGUOYEYOUYIXIEDIANZIDITUCAIYONG1954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXIHUOZHE1980XIANZUOBIAOXIXIADEJINGWEIDUZUOBIAO(B,L),GAOCHENGYIBANWEIHAIBAGAODUh。

  GPSDECELIANGJIEGUOYUWOGUODE54XIHUO80XIZUOBIAOXIANGCHAJISHIMIZHIYIBAIDUOMI,SUIQUYUBUTONG,CHABIEYEBUTONG,JINGCULUOTONGJI,WOGUOXIBUXIANGCHA70MIZUOYOU,DONGBEIBU140MIZUOYOU,NANBU75MIZUOYOU,ZHONGBU45MIZUOYOU。XIANJIUSHANGSHUJIZHONGZUOBIAOXIJINXINGJIANDANJIESHAO,GONGDAJIACANYUE,BINGTIGONGGEZUOBIAOXIDEJIBENCANSHU,YIBIANDAJIAZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGZIDINGYIZUOBIAOXI。

新英体育   1、1984SHIJIEDADIZUOBIAOXI

  WGS-84ZUOBIAOXISHIMEIGUOGUOFANGBUYANZHIQUEDINGDEDADIZUOBIAOXI,SHIYIZHONGXIEYIDIQIUZUOBIAOXI。WGS-84ZUOBIAOXIDEDINGYISHI:YUANDIANSHIDIQIUDEZHIXIN,KONGJIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAOXIDEZZHOUZHIXIANGBIH(1984.0)DINGYIDEDIJI(CTP)

FANGXIANG,JIGUOJIXIEYIYUANDIANCIO,TAYOUIAUHEIUGGGONGTONGTUIJIAN。XZHOUZHIXIANGBIHDINGYIDELINGDUZIWUMIANHECTPCHIDAODEJIAODIAN,YZHOUHEZ,XZHOUGOUCHENGYOUSHOUZUOBIAOXI。WGS-84TUOQIUCAIYONGGUOJIDADICELIANGYUDIQIUWULILIANHEHUIDI17JIEDAHUICELIANGCHANGSHUTUIJIANZHI,CAIYONGDELIANGGECHANGYONGJIBENJIHECANSHU:

新英体育   ZHANGBANZHOUa=6378137m;BIANLVf=1:298.257223563


洛阳测绘公司

新英体育   2、1954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXI

  1954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXISHIJIANGWOGUODADIKONGZHIWANGYUQIANSULIAN1942NIANPUERKEWODADIZUOBIAOXIXIANGLIANJIEHOUJIANLIDEWOGUOGUODUXINGDADIZUOBIAOXI。SHUYUCANXINDADIZUOBIAOXI,CAIYONGLEQIANSULIANDEKELASUOFUSIJITUOQIUTI。QIZHANGBANZHOU a=6378245,BIANLV f=1/298.3。1954NIANBEIJINGZUOBIAOXISUIRANSHISULIAN1942NIANZUOBIAOXIDEYANSHEN,DANYEHAIBUNENGSHUOTAMENWANQUANXIANGTONG。


  3、1980XIANZUOBIAOXI

  1978NIAN,WOGUOJUEDINGJIANLIXINDEGUOJIADADIZUOBIAOXITONG,BINGQIEZAIXINDEDADIZUOBIAOXITONGZHONGJINXINGQUANGUOTIANWENDADIWANGDEZHENGTIPINGCHA,ZHEIGEZUOBIAOXITONGDINGMINGWEI1980NIANXIANZUOBIAOXI。SHUCANXINDADIZUOBIAOXI。1980NIANXIANZUOBIAOXIXian Geodetic Coordinate System 1980 CAIYONG1975GUOJITUOQIU,YIJYD 1968.0XITONGWEITUOQIUDINGXIANGJIZHUN,DADIYUANDIANSHEZAISHANXISHENGJINGYANGXIANYONGLEZHEN,CAIYONGDUODIANDINGWEISUOJIANLIDEDADIZUOBIAOXI.QITUOQIUCANSHUCAIYONG1975NIANGUOJIDADICELIANGYUDIQIUWULILIANHEHUITUIJIANZHI,TAMENWEI:

  QIZHANGBANZHOUa=6378140m; BIANLVf=1/298.257。

新英体育   4、GAOSIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAOXIHEUTMYIBANDEDITUJUNWEIPINGMIANTU,QIDUIYINGDEYESHIPINGMIANZUOBIAO.YINCI,XUYAOJIANGTUOQIUMIANSHANGGEDIANDEDADIZUOBIAO,ANZHAOYIDINGDESHUXUEGUILVTOUYINGDAOPINGMIANSHANGCHENGWEIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAO.MUQIANSHIJIEGEGUOCAIYONGZUIGUANGFANDEGAOSI- KELVGETOUYINGHEMOKATUOTOUYING(UTM)JUNSHIZHENGXINGTOUYING(DENGJIAOTOUYING), JIGAITOUYINGZAIXIAOQUYUFANWEINEISHIPINGMIANTUXINGYUTUOQIUMIANSHANGDETUXINGBAOCHIXIANGSI。WEILEXIANZHIZHANGDUBIANXING,,GENJUGUOJICELIANGXIEHUIGUIDING,JIANGQUANQIUANYIDINGJINGCHAFENCHENGRUOGANDAI。WOGUOCAIYONG6DUDAIHUO3DUDAI,6DUDAISHIZILINGDUZIWUXIANQIMEIGEJINGDU。 GAOSIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAOXIYIBANYIZHONGYANGJINGXIAN(L0)TOUYINGWEIZONGZHOUX, CHIDAOTOUYINGWEIHENGZHOUY,LIANGZHOUJIAODIANJIWEIGEDAIDEZUOBIAOYUANDIAN。WEILEBIMIANHENGZUOBIAOCHUXIANFUZHI,ZAITOUYINGZHONGGUIDINGJIANGZUOBIAOZONGZHOUXIYI500GONGLIDANGZUOQISHIZHOU。WEILEQUBIEMOUYIZUOBIAOXITONGSHUYUNAYIDAI,TONGCHANGZAIHENGZHOUZUOBIAOQIANJIASHANGDAIHAO,(4231898m,21655933m),QIZHONG21JIWEIDAIHAO。 CHENGJIANZUOBIAODUOCAIYONGSANDUDAIDEGAOSI-KELVGETOUYING。TONGYIZUOBIAOXIXIADEDADIZUOBIAO(JIJINGWEIDUZUOBIAOB,L)YUQIDUIYINGDEGAOSIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAO(x,y)YOUYANGEDEZHUANHUANGUANXI。XIANXINGDECEHUIDEJIAOKESHUDEYIBANDOUYOU。

新英体育   5、 DIFANGDULIZUOBIAOXI

  ZAIWOGUOXUDUOCHENGSHICELIANGYUGONGCHENGCELIANGZHONG,RUOZHIJIECAIYONGGUOJIAZUOBIAOXIXIADEGAOSIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAO,ZEKENENGHUIYOUYUYUANLIZHONGYANGZIWUXIAN,HUOYOUYUCEQUPINGJUNGAOCHENGJIAODA,ERDAOZHIZHANGDUTOUYINGBIANXINGJIAODA,NANYIMANZUGONGCHENGSHANGHUOSHIYONGSHANGDEJINGDUYAOQIU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,DUIYUYIXIETESHUDECELIANG,RUDAQIAOSHIGONGCELIANG,SHUILISHUIBACELIANG,HUAPOBIANXINGJIANCEDENG,CAIYONGGUOJIAZUOBIAOXIZAISHIYONGZHONGYEHUIHENBUFANGBIAN。YINCI,JIYUXIANZHIBIANXING,YIJIFANGBIANSHIYONG,KEXUEDEMUDE,ZAIXUDUOCHENGSHIHEGONGCHENGCELIANGZHONG,CHANGCHANGHUIJIANLISHIHEBENDIQUDEDIFANGDULIZUOBIAOXI。JIANLIDIFANGDULIZUOBIAOXI,SHIJISHANGJIUSHITONGGUOYIXIEYUANSUDEQUEDINGLAIJUEDINGDIFANGCANKAOTUOQIUYUTOUYINGMIAN.DIFANGCANKAOTUOQIUYIBANXUANZEYUDANGDIPINGJUNGAOCHENGXIANGDUIYINGDECANKAOTUOQIU,GAITUOQIUDEZHONGXIN,ZHOUXIANGHEBIANLVYUGUOJIACANKAOTUOQIUXIANGTONG。QITUOQIUBANJINGα1ZENGDAWEI:α1=α+Δα1,Δα1=Hm+ζ0SHIZHONG:HmWEIDANGDIPINGJUNHAIBAGAOCHENG,ζ0WEIGAIDIQUDEPINGJUNGAOCHENGYICHANG。ERDIFANGTOUYINGMIANDEQUEDINGZHONG,XUANQUGUOCEQUZHONGXINDEJINGXIANHUOMOUGEQISUANDIANDEJINGXIANZUOWEIDULIZHONGYANGZIWUXIAN.YIMOUGETEDINGFANGBIANSHIYONGDEDIANHEFANGWEIWEIDIFANGDULIZUOBIAOXIDEQISUANYUANDIANHEFANGWEI,BINGXUANQUDANGDIPINGJUNGAOCHENGMIANHmWEITOUYINGMIAN。

新英体育   JIRANSHUODAOLEBUTONGDEZUOBIAOXI,JIUCUNZAIZUOBIAOZHUANHUANDEWENTI。GUANYUZUOBIAOZHUANHUAN,SHOUXIANYAOGAOQINGCHUZHUANHUANDEYANMIXINGWENTI,JIZAITONGYIGETUOQIULIDEZUOBIAOZHUANHUANDOUSHIYANMIDE,ERZAIBUTONGDETUOQIUZHIJIANDEZHUANHUANZHEISHIBUYANMIDE。LIRU,YOU1954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXIDEDADIZUOBIAOZHUANHUANDAO954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXIDEGAOSIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAOSHIZAITONGYICANKAOTUOQIUTIFANCHOUNEIDEZUOBIAOZHUANHUAN,QIZHUANHUANGUOCHENGSHIYANMIDE。YOU1954BEIJINGZUOBIAOXIDEDADIZUOBIAOZHUANHUANDAOWGS-84DEDADIZUOBIAO,JIUSHUYUBUTONGTUOQIUTIJIANDEZHUANHUAN。

新英体育   BUTONGTUOQIUTIJIANDEZUOBIAOZHUANHUANZAIJUBUDIQUDECAIYONGDECHANGYONGBANFASHIXIANGSIBIANHUANFA,JILIYONGBUFENFENBUXIANGDUIHELIGAODENGJIGONGGONGDIANQIUCHUXIANGYINGDEZHUANHUANCANSHU。YIBANERYAN,BIJIAOYANMIDESHIYONGQICANSHUDEXIANGSIBIANHUANFA,JIXPINGYI,YPINGYI,ZPINGYI,XXUANZHUAN,YXUANZHUAN,ZXUANZHUAN,CHIDUBIANHUAK。YAOQIUDEQICANSHUJIUXUYAOZAIYIGEDIQUXUYAO3GEYISHANGDEYIZHIDIAN,RUGUOQUYUFANWEIBUDA,ZUIYUANDIANJIANDEJULIBUDAYU30Km(JINGYANZHI),ZHEIKEYIYONGSANCANSHU,JIXPINGYI,YPINGYI,ZPINGYI,ERJIANGXXUANZHUAN,YXUANZHUAN,ZXUANZHUAN,CHIDUBIANHUAKSHIWEI0,SUOYISANCANSHUZHISHIQICANSHUDEYIZHONGTELI。RUGUOBUKAOLVGAOCHENGDEYINGXIANG,DUIYUBUTONGTUOQIUTIXIADEGAOSIPINGMIANZHIJIAOZUOBIAOKECAIYONGSICANSHUDEXIANGSIBIANHUANFA,JISICANSHU(xPINGYI,yPINGYI,CHIDUBIANHUAm,XUANZHUANJIAODUα)。RUGUOYONGHUYAOQIUDEJINGDUDIYU20MI,ZAIYIDINGFANWEI(2*2)NEI,JIUZHIJIEKEYIYONGERCANSHUFA(ΔB,ΔL)HUO(Δx,Δy)XIUZHENG。DANZAISHIJICAOZUOZHONG,ZHEIYEQUJUEYUXUANQUDEGONGGONGDIANSHIFOUHELI,BINGBAOZHENGQIZUGOUDEJINGDU。

新英体育   HENANJINGTUOCEHUIJISHUFUWUYOUXIANGONGSICHENGLIYU2015NIAN4YUE,SHIYIJIADULIDEQIYEFARENSHITIGONGSI,DIZHIZAILUOYANGSHIXIGONGQUWANGCHENGDADAO28HAOXINSHIJIGUANGCHANG2CHUANG1-1922。FADINGDAIBIAORENZHAOFANG,GONGSIZHUCEZIJIN100WANYUAN。ZHUYAOJINGYINGFANWEIYOUCEHUIDILIXINXIXITONGGONGCHENG、GONGCHENGCELIANG、BUDONGCHANCEHUI。

  洛阳测绘公司http://7ch9g.com  

新英体育   DIZHI:LUOYANGSHIXIGONGQUWANGCHENGDADAO28HAOSHENTAIXINSHIJIGUANGCHANG2HAOLOU1922SHI

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